How Does Tanning Work


Tanning Beds


Is tanning in a salon safe?

Yes! Tanning in a salon is safe, especially compared to being out in actual sunlight for prolonged periods of time. Since tanning beds filter out the UVC light, you’ll get the healthiest forms of UV light.


How does tanning work?

Sunbeds use UV or Ultraviolet light to tan your body. Since there are three types of UV light – UVA, UVB, and UVC – sunbeds are designed to use more levels of UVA with lower levels of UVB on your skin to promote the production of melanin, the pigment that makes you look tan even if you don’t spend time under actual sunlight. The most harmful form of UV light is the UVC which tanning beds filter out so that you only get the best forms of UV light.


Why does a tan disappear?

The tan or pigmentation process occurs in the epidermis, the top skin layer. The epidermis replaces all its skin cells every 28-30 days. Cells in the inner portion of the top skin layer divide themselves, migrate to the surface, and flake off. Skin cells contain melanin, and as a result of UV exposure rises to the surface and flake off as well. Therefore, a tan can be maintained only by repeated exposure to UV light.


How often can I tan?

You should wait at least 24 hours after a session before tanning again. It is recommended that you do not go more than 4 times a week to make sure you do not get sunburned.


I’m really in a hurry… can I tan more than once on the same day?

To get an “instant” tan you should consider using our spray tan. In just seconds you can have the natural-looking colour you want. If you prefer traditional tanning you are allowed to tan once every 24 hours, but it is recommended that you wait at least 48 hours in between each session to allow your tan to develop fully in between visits. The tan produced by UVA is immediate but UVB produces more melanin (a protein pigment) in the skin and takes up to 48 hours to develop.

You can build up your tan by using the sunbed three to four times a week. Once you have a tan, you can maintain it by tanning once or twice a week.


I’m tanning, but my legs aren’t getting as dark as the rest of me?

Research showed that there is less pigment present in our legs due to the fact that we have less fat under the epidermis (the top skin layer) in our lower legs. The skin on your legs is also thicker than other parts of your body and when you shave or wax your legs, you are mechanically exfoliating the uppermost skin cells and part of your tan.


How long should I tan when I first start?

If you easily get sunburned, it is advisable to start with a smaller exposure time. You can then increase it gradually as you establish a base tan.


Why should I use lotion?

All our lotions are specifically designed for the indoor tanning industry; they contain ingredients to assist in achieving maximum tanning results. They are designed not only to maximize and accelerate great tanning results, but most importantly replace essential nutrients, minerals and lost moisture to your skin. Lotions also contain antioxidants to shield free radical damage, promote skin firming and have anti-aging properties. When you tan with a lotion your colour build up will be a lot faster and you will require less sessions to achieve a beautiful bronze colour.


Do I need to wear an SPF lotion when I tan on a sunbed?

No, because SPF tanning lotions allow you to stay in the sun longer than what is considered safe for you. It is then advisable to wear an SPF tanning lotion when outdoors so to avoid overexpose.


Why do I need to wear eye protection?

Closing your eyelids is not adequate protection; your eyelids are too thin to stop ultraviolet light. For this reason you must wear eye protection when tanning at our salons.


How does indoor tanning exposure compare to the natural sun?

Your skin produces a tan the same way it does when you tan indoors or outdoors. It is difficult to make a simple comparison of the sun with that of modern indoor tanning equipment. The sun’s strength is dependent on several factors as well. When you are outdoors in the sun you cannot control the amount of ultraviolet light you are exposed to. Indoor tanning is a very controlled environment in which you can regulate the amount of ultraviolet light you are exposed to. You can gradually increase your exposure time to achieve the tan you desire without burning.


What can I do to help my tan last longer?

MOISTURIZE! MOISTURIZE! MOISTURIZE! Using a high quality specially formulated tanning moisturizer will help replenish vitamins and nutrients, keeping your skin smooth and younger looking while helping you maintain that deep dark tan you love. Remember properly moisturized skin TANS FASTER, TANS DARKER, and STAYS TANNED LONGER!!!


Are All Dermatologists Against Indoor Tanning?

While most of the dermatology profession has an inexplicably myopic view about tanning, some enlightened dermatologists have broken ranks with their peers in recent years, urging their profession to re-think its one-sided dogma about sun exposure. Two of the most recent:

  • Research dermatologist Dr. Sam Shuster, professor emeritus to the Department of Dermatology at Newcastle University in northern England, challenged his peers to quantify the alleged increase in skin cancer incidence, which is not based on actual numbers but only estimates. In the book, “Panic Nation: Unpicking the Myths We’re Told About Food and Health” Shuster calls his peers to acknowledge that a tan is the body’s natural protection against sunburn – a reality that has been all but stampeded under the establishment’s rhetoric. “Unfortunately our attitude to sun and ultra-violet (UV) light is subject to much perverse and dubious technical ‘advice’, which society has passively accepted without questioning its provenance,” Shuster writes.
  • Boston University Professor Dr. Michael Holick – the scientist who was involved in the discovery of the active form of vitamin D in the early 1970s – wrote the book “The UV Advantage” in 2004, urging people to embrace moderate exposure to ultraviolet light as the body’s natural way to produce Vitamin D. Holick is one of the world’s leading authorities on vitamin D production. “Since some exposure to sunlight is beneficial to your health, it is reasonable that if you wish to be exposed to sunlight, that you can do so with relative safety if you make sure that you do not receive a sunburn,” Holick says.
  • Many rank-and-file dermatologists have more moderate views about sensible sun exposure, but have been intimidated by their peers not to discuss these views publicly. Indeed, upon publishing “The UV Advantage” in 2004, Holick was forced to resign his post at Boston University as a professor of dermatology, with the chair of that department calling his work “schlock science.” In spite of such rhetoric, in the two years since publishing his book, most of Holick’s positions have become mainstream thinking.

Why is moisturized skin important for a tan?

Healthy, moist skin will tan quicker, get darker and keep its tanned appearance longer because the melanin is produced rapidly and the skin also will not exfoliate as quickly when it is properly moisturized.


I don’t tan outdoors. Will I be able to tan in a bed?

If you can’t get colour from the sun, you stand a better chance of getting colour on a sunbed on condition you start with half sessions twice a week and aim at a very gradual colour build up. However, UV-Free tanning system can give you a natural looking tan without any UV exposure at all. Book a spray tan today if in doubt.


How do I know the beds are clean?

We use s specialised cleaning solutions after every customer’s tanning session. We also provide fresh towels for each tanning session.


Why Should We Be Concerned About Vitamin D Deficiency?

New research in America has shown that vitamin D deficiency is an epidemic in adults today, suggesting that up to 90% of people are vitamin D deficient. This epidemic is most likely caused by over-usage of sunscreen in climates and during seasons when sunburn is not a possibility. This is especially significant because:

  • A 2006 systematic review of 63 studies on vitamin D status in relation to cancer risk has shown that vitamin D sufficiency can reduce one’s risk of colon, breast and ovarian cancers by up to 50%. The landmark paper, published in the February 2006 issue of The American Journal of Public Health, is the most comprehensive paper on vitamin D written to date.
  • Additionally, vitamin D deficiency is a leading cause of osteoporosis, a disease affecting 25 million Americans which leads to 1 million hip and bone fractures every year. In elderly individuals, such fractures are often deadly. Encouraging everyone to wear sunscreen all year long in any climate is undoubtedly contributing to this problem, as vitamin D is necessary for the body to properly process calcium.
  • For years, environmental correlations have established that people in sunny climates have lower risks of many forms of cancer. In recent years, the mechanism by which Vitamin D slows or retards the growth of tumor cells has been researched and identified. It was once thought that only the kidneys could produce active vitamin D, but we now know that many cells in the body perform this function, including cells in the breast, prostate, colon, brain and skin. Research has shown that the active form of vitamin D, when present in cells throughout the body, inhibits the growth and spread of abnormal cells, including cancer cells.

What Does Indoor Tanning Have To Do With Vitamin D?

Exposure to UVB rays from sunshine is the body’s natural way to produce vitamin D, accounting for 90% of the body’s vitamin D production. Dietary “supplements” are just that, supplemental ways to produce vitamin D.

Research has shown that people who utilize indoor tanning equipment that emit UVB rays, which most tanning equipment does, also produce vitamin D. Studies have also shown that indoor tanning clients have higher vitamin D blood levels than non-indoor tanners.

While the North American indoor tanning industry promotes itself as a cosmetic service, one undeniable, yet favourable, side-effect of that cosmetic service is vitamin D production. Even though it is not necessary to develop a tan to produce vitamin D, this should be considered: because research suggests that the risks associated with sun exposure are related to intermittent sunburns, it is credible to believe that the benefits of regular, moderate, non-burning exposure outweigh the risks associated with overexposure.